The National Library of Medicine’s Profiles in Science Web site, which celebrates the lives and accomplishments of outstanding scientists, researchers and public health officials, adds the papers of three outstanding scientists in 2005, including those of:
Francis Crick, PhD (1916-2004), the Nobel Laureate inextricably linked to the pioneering 1953 discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), considered the most significant advance in biology since Darwin’s theory of evolution.
Albert Szent-Györgyi, MD, PhD (1893-1986), whose scientific career spanned 73 years, at least four countries, and encompassed topics ranging from anatomy to quantum biology. He won the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for isolating vitamin C, and his research on biological oxidation provided the basis for Krebs’ citric acid cycle (which transforms food energy into energy for life processes).
Salvador E. Luria, MD (1912-1991), an Italian-born bacteriologist famous for determining how bacteria become resistant to specific viruses following infection, who was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.